Antigua gambling wto case
NY Times Editorial Advocates US Negotiations with Antigua to Resolve WTO Gambling Trade Dispute Read More. Antigua's Legal Counsel and Point of Contact. AAntigua’s Legal Counsel and Point of Contact: Antigua is represented by Mark Mendel and Robert Blumenfeld of the law firm of Mendel Blumenfeld, LLP. Antigua is better known for beaches than trade disputes. But next month this tiny Caribbean resort could begin using a World Trade Organization ruling to compel the United States to legalize online gaming—an industry the Bush administration has long been trying to eradicate. Enforcement of the WTO. Antigua and Barbuda has accused the US of failing to comply with a World Trade Organisation ruling that it discriminates unfairly against online gambling companies based in the tiny Caribbean island nation. Last year the WTO dispute settlement body (DSB) ruled that while the US was entitled to.
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
Recourse to Article So Mendel, who recently moved his family and his practice to Ireland to be closer to Geneva, jumped in enthusiastically. But if it actually carries out the penalties, it risks a political backlash in the United States, the most powerful force for free-flowing global trade and the WTO's biggest backer. But not complying with the decision presents big problems of its own for Washington. But while it gave no details, it said that Antigua and Barbuda had "reiterated its concern that it had not yet received any settlement proposal or other communication from the United States".
Antigua v. U.S.: Online Gaming Dispute
This summary has been prepared by the Secretariat under its own responsibility. The summary is for general information only and is not intended to affect the rights and obligations of Members. The summary below was up-to-date at. On 21 March , Antigua and Barbuda requested consultations with the US regarding measures applied by central, regional and local authorities in the US which affect the cross-border supply of gambling and betting services.
Antigua and Barbuda considered that the cumulative impact of the US measures is to prevent the supply of gambling and betting services from another WTO Member to the United States on a cross-border basis.
On 12 June , Antigua and Barbuda requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on 24 June , the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel. On 23 July , Japan reserved its third-party rights.
On 25 August , the Director-General composed the panel. The Panel hoped to complete its work by the end of April In the context of the negotiations for a mutually agreed solution to the present dispute, the parties requested the Panel to suspend the panel proceedings, in accordance with Article On 25 June , the Panel agreed to this request.
[end] Source: Human Events, p. Доставалось по большому счету всем подряд, но в первую очередь, конечно же, тем у кого были проблемы с деканатом - должность у нее такая, капать на мозги.
МУЖСКАЯ рука. Она стояла на коленях на кровати, оттопырив в воздух красивую попу, показывая мне пухлые половые губки. Плача я подошла к ней и опустилась на колени, она посмотрела на меня как на рабыню. Его бедра то двигались медленно и плавно, то замирали, заставляя ее нервно вздрагивать всем телом и невольно совершать все новые и новые попытки высвободить хотя бы руки.
NEW YORK — With long blond hair reaching his shoulders and dozens of cloth bracelets peeking out from under his sleeves, Mark Mendel hardly conjures up the image of a typical lawyer. But then there is nothing run-of-the-mill about the case that Mendel, a Texan who was born and reared in Southern California, has been waging against his own government before the World Trade Organization.
It is a clash that at once challenges Washington's attempt to prohibit online gambling while simultaneously testing the ability of the WTO to enforce its own standards. The dispute stretches back to , when Mendel, 51, first persuaded officials in Antigua and Barbuda, a tiny nation in the Caribbean with a population of about 70,, to make a trade complaint against the United States, claiming that its ban against Americans' gambling over the Internet violated Antigua's rights as a member of the WTO.
Antigua is best known to Americans for its pristine beaches. But the dozens of online casinos based there are vital to the island's economy, serving as a major employer. More than a few people in Washington initially dismissed as absurd the idea that the trade organization could claim jurisdiction over something as basic as a country's own policies toward gambling. Various states and the federal government, after all, have been deeply engaged for decades in where and when to allow casinos, Indian gambling halls, race tracks, lotteries and the like to operate.
But a WTO panel ruled against the United States in , and an appellate body upheld that decision one year later. In March, the organization upheld that ruling for a second time and declared Washington out of compliance with its rules. That has placed the United States in a quandary, said John Jackson, a professor at Georgetown University Law Center who specializes in international trade law.
Complying with the WTO ruling, Jackson said, would require Congress and the Bush administration either to reverse course and permit Americans to legally place bets online from offshore casinos or, equally unlikely, impose an across-the-board ban on all forms of Internet gambling - including the online purchase of lottery tickets, participation in Web-based pro sports fantasy leagues and off-track wagering on horse racing.
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